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The characteristics of Peperomia
With more than 1,500 species with decorative foliage, the genus Peperomia is one of our favorite indoor plants. These perennials of the Piperaceae family come mainly from America, with some African exceptions. Difficult to summarize them in one aspect, therefore, since there are erect, bushy or creeping peperomies, variegated or embossed, green or red, yellow or even silver.
Some belong to the succulent family, fleshy and able to survive a desert climate, therefore easy to maintain. Icing on the pot, these tropical and subtropical plants are also part of so-called depolluting plants, capable of absorbing certain harmful substances. As for their flowers, they form small spikes erect in clusters, most often white, sometimes pale green.
Again, it all depends on the variety of Peperomia chosen, but the houseplant is generally simple to maintain. It is planted in a pot, in a container that is not too large, on a layer of gravel or clay balls for good drainage. It can be used for indoor plants to lay, but also in suspension in the case of drooping varieties, or in terrarium with succulents.
On the exhibition side, the perennial likes sunny pitches, but without direct light, especially in summer, and does not tolerate temperatures below about 12 ° C. We therefore keep it inside, behind a sheer curtain, away from the window in a sunny room or in front of a window that receives the sun only in the evening or in the morning. Beware of shade, in any case, or too dry air that the plant does not like. Note that variegated varieties are often less sensitive to sunlight than those with green leaves, and therefore more resistant!
The only gardening gestures to perform regularly are the shortest pruning of the stems once flowering is complete. And the repotting the plant in a larger pot when the roots appear on the surface of the earth, about once a year at best: Peperomia grows slowly and likes to be cramped, no need to change the pot too often.
Like most tropical and subtropical plants, Peperomia likes ambient humidity, and rather dry soil. Hence the importance of well-drained soil! You only water the peperomies when the soil is dry and without excess: better is a weak and regular watering than a punctual flood. There is an average of weekly watering in summer, every ten or fifteen days in winter. The plant may lose its leaves and die if it is overwatered.
She appreciates, on the other hand, sprays on the leaves with non-calcareous water, especially in a heated environment which dries the air in winter. It can also be placed in the bathroom to take advantage of tropical conditions!