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How to plant and cultivate zucchini?

How to plant and cultivate zucchini?


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The characteristics of zucchini

  • Type: Edible plant
  • Height: From 0.45 cm to 1 m
  • Flower color: yellow
  • Fruit name: courgette
  • Desired exposure: sunny
  • Type of soil: neutral, well drained
  • sanitizer: No
  • variety: Diamond, Black Beauty, Gold Rush, Nice zucchini with round fruit…

Origins and peculiarities of zucchini

Native to Central America and appeared in Europe around the 16th century, the courgette -which we also name summer squash- is a plant of the Curcubitaceae family which produces a fruit of the same name. Zucchini is one of the simplest plants to cultivate and therefore favored by novice gardeners. It is a creeping plant, the famous fruit of which is used today in many culinary preparations.
Visually, the plant produces male and female flowers of yellow and green color. The male zucchini flower has a long, thin peduncle while the female has an ovary (which appears before the flower) and a pistil.
The zucchini fruits are long and rounded in shape. Picked early, the fruit will be called zucchini. Later, it will be a squash. The size of the zucchini varies greatly depending on the species sown.

Good to know: it is good to pick it when it does not exceed 20 cm, it will be more tasty.

Growing and planting zucchini


If you want plant zucchini in your garden, know that this plant appreciates a light, sunny and well-drained soil. Planting starts in April when the soil is less hard and continues until the end of summer.
For zucchini sowing, plant directly in the ground. Bury 4 or 5 seeds at a depth of 3 cm and respect a space of 50 to 80 cm between two plantings. Do not hesitate to use compost when sowing. When the plants are about 10 cm tall, thin them out. If you are sowing in pots, do not wait beyond 6 weeks to transplant to the ground.

Pay attention to the low temperatures when sowing, the zucchini flowers are very sensitive to cold. Below 10 ° C, your seedlings can be damaged.
 

Courgette maintenance

As forzucchini care, although it is of a good nature, we must suppress weeds as you go along and water it regularly in case of high heat because this plant consumes a lot of water. Using a mulch will keep your plant moist on hot days. However, be careful not to wet the foliage when watering, as this could cause the zucchini powdery mildew to appear.
Harvesting is usually done after two months to obtain courgettes of a size of 20 to 30 cm. If you have opted for plants, only a fortnight is necessary before you can harvest the vegetable.
For harvest your zucchini, just cut the peduncle with pruning shears. Don't hesitate: the more you cut your zucchini, the more your plants will produce!

Zucchini Diseases

Before planting zucchini in your gardens, keep in mind that this plant is relatively fragile, and that the zucchini can suffer:

  • powdery mildew;
  • gray mold;
  • cladosporiosis, a parasite that feeds on its leaves.
  • snails and slugs, which love its leaves.

Most of these diseases and pests appear in excess moisture, so be careful when watering and make sure your soil is well drained.