The characteristics of the dog rose
- Type: fruit shrub
- Height: from 80 cm to 1 m, from 1 to 2 m, from 2 to 3 m
- Flower colors: white, pink
- Fruit name: rose hips
- Desired exposure: sunny
- Type of soil: normal, humus
- Foliage: spent
- Interview: easy to maintain
- sanitizer: no
- variety: Rosa Canina inermis, Rosa marginata Brachyphylla, Rosa canina Andegavensis, Rosa hibernica, Rosa deseglisei
Origins and peculiarities of the dog rose
The rose hips (Rosa Canina, is "dog rose ", since, in Antiquity, its root was thought to cure rabies) is a small thorn tree belonging to the Rosaceae family. In Europe, it is the species of wild rose the most famous !
This shrub grows in temperate regions and more particularly in woods and hedges. The dog rose is a plant that offers many ecotypes (adaptations of the species to its environment), but these have one thing in common: each rose flower is simple.
This shrub, whose stems sport small curved prickles, can measure up to three meters high. The rosehip flowers, very fragrant and often used in the world of perfume, oscillate between 4 and 5 cm in diameter and are composed of five pink petals pulling towards white in the center. The fruits, known as rose hips, and more colloquially because of the stinging hairs that surround their seeds, are red when they are ripe in October.
The Rosa Canina species (common dog rose), the most famous among the 150 species of dog rose existing, comes from the temperate regions of the whole world and in particular from Europe, Pakistan, North Africa and Western Asia.
Uses of rose hips
Thebriar is used in horticulture as a rootstock for roses.
Its fruits, rosehips, are used in medicine to relieve digestive disorders, fight against fatigue and make up for vitamin deficiencies (they are indeed very rich in vitamins A, B and C).
In the kitchen, jelly and rosehip jam are very popular, as are syrups.
The dog rose flower, the beautiful eglantine, has been used in infusion for hundreds of years for its tonic, antiseptic and laxative properties.
Planting and watering the dog rose
Themaintenance of a dog rose is not very restrictive, since it consists of weeding and a few hoeing sessions in order to eliminate the weeds (weeds) which thrive briskly at the foot of the tree. You can also remove dead flowers in spring and summer.
It is not necessary to mulch in winter because the rusticity of the dog rose allows it to resist the cold.
This thorny shrub can be pruned moderately as soon as the risk of frost is no longer to be feared. The size of the rose hips in summer allows for healing.
When the dog rose is a rootstock, in the case of the rose for example, it is imperative to eliminate all suckers, which are also called regrowth and more commonly greedy, which tire the foot unnecessarily.
Good news: when it is cultivated in good conditions (soil rich in humus, etc.), the dog rose is not subject to particular diseases and shows resistance.