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Fruit of the gooseberry, the gooseberry (ribes grossularia) is a berry also called raisinet of the family of grossulariaceae. This shrub, measuring 1.5 meters in height, has a compact habit and enjoys exposure to the sun. Its branches are arched, and its flowers offer fruits of 8 to 10 millimeters in diameter slightly translucent, during the summer.
Planting and maintenance of the gooseberry
It is recommended to plant the gooseberry in the fall in rich soil, but also in the spring. In this case, you need to water a lot more during the first months. If the plants are arranged in a hedge, a distance of about 150 centimeters is recommended. Pruning should be done after winter, and ideally in February. To do this, it is necessary to ventilate the middle of the shrub to let the light penetrate there, remove the intermingled branches, and give a goblet shape to the currant. Watering should be regular, and the soil moist in summer, in particular thanks to a mulch placed at the foot of the plant. It is also advisable to use fertilizer to improve the quality of the fruit. To harvest the first currants, you have to wait until June or August depending on the species. To protect them from birds that are fond of them, a net will do the trick. Otherwise, each shrub offers 2 to 5 kilos of fruit.
Varieties of currants
There are roughly three varieties: the red currant which gives red or white fruit, the gooseberry, and the black currant also called black currant and which offers berries better known as black currant. These shrubs whose rooting is superficial like temperate climates, and fear drought. However, they are easy to grow.
Uses of Gooseberries
These low-calorie acid fruits are often eaten with sugar. We prepare with this berry redcurrant wine, of the gooseberry jam but also jellies, syrup and pastries like pies or clafoutis for example. In the field of health, gooseberries are reputed to be rich in magnesium, potassium, calcium, zinc, fluorine, vitamin C, beta-carotene and iron, but above all in flavonoids which are very good for promoting skin renewal, and activate circulation. Its fiber content also helps stimulate transit, and it has antioxidant properties. Find the currant plants in the shop!