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Attached to the moraceae family, the ficus is a green indoor plant with decorative foliage. There are more than 800 species of ficus, including the Benjamina ficus which belongs to the variety of weeping figs native to India. This species of shrub is invasive and its height can reach 2 m. It owes its name to its foliage. And for good reason, the more the shrub grows, the more its branches tend to bend. It is a depolluting plant which is mainly intended to decorate verandas or habitats.
Planting of ficus benjamina
To obtain good results in its culture, it is necessary to respect certain conditions: - The plant with decorative foliage must not be exposed to negative temperatures. - Ficus benjamina enjoys the sun, but should not be exposed to it. A bright place without drafts is to be preferred. - The soil must be rich and sandy. The best thing is to make a soil based on potting soil, peat and perlite. - For a planting in full ground, it is necessary to space the plants of one meter 20. - During the planting, it is necessary to cover the seeds without burying it completely. This green indoor plant can reach a height of 4m. However, raised indoors, it rarely exceeds 2 m. So you need a good space for it to flourish in good conditions.
Maintenance of ficus benjamina
Ficus benjamina does not require specific maintenance. However, you must: - Monitor the air temperature. The plant needs an ambient temperature (between 15 and 18 ° C). - Add fertilizer monthly in winter and every 15 days the rest of the year. - Bring water regularly.
Reproduction of ficus benjamina
Cutting stems or air layering are the two methods to remember.
Ficus benjamina diseases
If the culture conditions are correctly respected, the ficus benjamina is resistant. In case of excess water, the green plant can be affected by decay, which is almost impossible to treat. It is therefore necessary to regularly check that the plant is properly drained. The sooty mold is a cryptogamic disease which is caused by a fungus and which results in the presence of a black deposit. To treat the green plant affected by sooty mold, it is possible to treat with nettle manure after taking care to clean the foliage.
Ficus benjamina parasites
Like the majority of indoor green plants with decorative foliage, Ficus benjamina attracts parasites such as red spiders, aphids and mealybugs. As soon as the first pests appear, treat with biological solutions. For aphids, black soap is the gardener's ally. For red spiders, it will be necessary to spray a mixture of black soap combined with methylated spirits, lime, rain water and fine cooking salt. For mealybugs, action must be taken at the first sign of appearance, at the risk of losing the plant. When the invasion is too intense, he can develop a cryptogamic disease; sooty mold. To avoid losing your plantation, it is best to monitor your plant and treat it with care. Treatment begins with manual removal of scales, larvae and shells. If necessary, remove diseased leaves. Then apply a natural recipe based on black soap, vegetable oil, alcohol at 90 ° C and rainwater.