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Ficus Ginseng

Ficus Ginseng


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Related to the moraceae family, ficus ginseng is the houseplant for beginners. Known as ficus microcarpa or ficus reputa, this plant has the distinction of being simple to maintain. Native to India, this bonsai consists of a large aerial root, stems and shiny green leaves with an oval shape. Like the majority of ficus, the ginseng variety is a depolluting plant. If the culture conditions are respected, it is not uncommon to see small berries appear. The latter are not edible, they simply bring a decorative touch to the plant.

Destination of ficus ginseng

Ficus ginseng is grown in pots. And for good reason, this decorative plant does not withstand negative temperatures. It needs an average temperature of 18 ° C to develop properly. It is therefore intended to decorate interiors (dining room, office, living room, bedroom). However, you can take it out during the summer period by placing the pot of ficus reputa in a semi-shaded place (window sill or terrace for example), taking care not to leave it in direct contact with the sun.

Watering ficus ginseng

The ficus microcarpa needs regular watering without being flooded. Thus: During the summer period, spray water at room temperature on the leaves once a week. Complete with watering the soil twice a week. Do not water the plant if there is still water in the cup. During the winter period, watering of the soil is done sparingly. Watering every two weeks is sufficient. However, if the soil is completely dry, add water.

Size of ficus ginseng

The size of ficus ginseng is essential for aesthetics and to keep dense foliage. Thus, care must be taken of the bonsai regularly by pruning the branches of the year covered with stems. You can give it the shape you want.

Diseases and parasites of Ficus Ginseng

Like the majority of indoor plants, ficus reputa can be a victim of pests. The enemies are: scale insects, aphids and red spiders. There are preventive and curative actions to dislodge these parasites. Symptoms and solutions for aphids: the aphid is the most common mite. Aphids can carry viruses that they transmit to plants. We must therefore react quickly. A decoction based on black soap or rhubarb twice a week is enough to destroy them. If the aphid is in a colony, a more radical solution will be needed, such as a powder made from wood ash. Symptoms and solutions for red spiders: red spiders are small red mites that reproduce quickly. They appear particularly when it is hot and dry. They feed on the leaf tissue of ficus ginseng. During an invasion, it is possible to spray the bonsai with a fermented nettle purin. If this decoction does not work, you will need to use a powder solution based on lithothamne. Symptoms and solutions for mealybugs: mealybugs appreciate indoor plants and good heat. They take the leaves of the plant to suck the sap. In massive attack, the bonsai weakens. We recognize the presence of mealybugs by the white mass with the snowy aspect that it deposits on the leaves. The best method to eradicate them is to manually remove the shells with gloves and cotton wool soaked in alcohol, then spray a solution based on vegetable oil, black soap, rainwater at room temperature and alcohol at 90 ° C.

Characteristics