Attached to the brassicaceae family, the black radish is a vegetable whose origin is unknown. In Latin, this vegetable is called Raphanus Sativus Variété Niger. Its green foliage has the particularity of being in the form of a tuft. His skin is black and his flesh is white. If it has been consumed in Asia for light years, it does not arrive on French territory until the 18th century. It is a close cousin of the pink radish. The height of the plant does not exceed 30 cm.
Planting and cultivation of black radish
The black radish is intended for the vegetable patch. It finds its place among beets, melons, tomatoes or endives. Please note, it is not compatible with all fruits and vegetables. For example, it is not advisable to plant this type of vegetable close to zucchini, Brussels sprouts, potatoes or even broccoli. For a perfect evolution: - The soil will be light, vegetal, fresh and sandy. - The location will be sunny. - A depth of at least two centimeters is recommended. - A spacing of 15 cm between each plant. The seeds are always sown at the beginning of June.
Caring for black radish
The culture is simple and does not require large interviews. For a good crop, you must: - Water the plants regularly. Double the dosage in hot weather. - Mulch the soil so that the soil is always moist and fresh. - Harvest vegetables regularly.
Black radish reproduction
The multiplication is done by sowing using seeds that are harvested during the flowering period. The seeds can be kept for 5 years.
Harvest of black radishes
Although they keep well in a crate in an airy place, it is strongly advised to collect them as you go. The harvest begins in September and ends at the first frosts.
Enemies of black radish
The enemies of Raphanus Sativus Variété Niger are numerous: turnip fly, flea beetle, snails and slugs. Snails and slugs will not reach the plants if you drop beer-based pieces. If the soils remain wet, the flea beetle and turnip will not take possession of the premises.
Diseases of black radish
In the field of cryptogamic diseases, late blight and damping-off are formidable. To avoid them, the cultivation conditions must be respected. However, if the plant is affected by damping-off, use sulfur. For mildew, a decoction of horsetail with a treatment based on Bordeaux mixture can help to care for the black radish plant.
Uses and properties of black radish
The vegetable is eaten raw as cooked, as an aperitif or as an accompaniment to starchy food. Cooking is similar to that of turnip. This vegetable is appreciated for its multiple virtues. It is diuretic and aperitif. Low in calories (45 calories per 100 grams), it is recommended during slimming diets. In addition to this specificity, it is also very rich in vitamin, fiber, trace elements and mineral salts. It is a vegetable health partner. In the past, grandmothers used it to make cough syrups.